TOPICS: combating violent extremism, conflict-handling styles, reading conflicts, Afghanistan
Christian Chereji and Ciprian Sandu
ARTICLES in Issue 33 – October 2020:
Nigeria: Good governance as a tool for combating violent extremism in post-insurgency period
The ongoing insurgency in Nigeria`s north east region bears features of violent extremism. Though, the conflict has not ended but the role good governance is expected to play in combating violent extremism when the insurgency comes to end is very significant. This study examined good governance as a tool for combating violent extremism in post insurgency period in north east Nigeria. It was conducted with the used of both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection. The study found out that violent extremism in post-insurgency period in north-east Nigeria can be combated using good governance. It also recommended the promotion of good governance through the provision of employment opportunities, effective poverty reduction programs, encouraging sustainable post-insurgency peace building through multi-track diplomacies and unbiased social, economic and political rehabilitation projects.
Combating, Extremism, Good-Governance, Post-Insurgency, Tool and Violent.
India-Kuwait: Inter-cultural sensitivity, cultural intelligence and conflict-handling styles in cross-cultural interactions
The present explores inter-cultural sensitivity, cultural intelligence and conflict-handling style preferences of employees engaged in inter-cultural interactions. It further tests the influence of inter-cultural sensitivity, cultural intelligence on conflict-handling style preferences. Using self-report instruments, data was collected from respondents from India (N=103) and Kuwait (N=71) involved in work-related interactions with each other. Findings reveal that Indian and Kuwait respondents significantly differ on the three dimensions studied. The results also reveal that influence of cultural intelligence and inter-cultural sensitivity dimensions on conflict-handling style preferences vary for Indian and Kuwait employees. The present work contributes to the largely limited work in the area and offers valuable information facilitating better understanding and application of effective conflict handling styles in India–Kuwait cross-cultural work interactions.
Conflict, inter-cultural sensitivity, cultural intelligence, conflict handling styles, India,
Kuwait, cross-cultural interaction, effective conflict handling, cross-cultural conflict.
Zambia: Assertion and resistance. Reading conflicts between the Zimbabweans and the Indian diaspora
Over the period, the relationship between the native communities and the diaspora has become one of the incompatible relationship, and thereby led to the emergence of mistrust, division and resentment among the native communities. This has become more conspicuous concerning the native communities and the Indian diaspora in Zimbabwe (former Rhodesia). Within this backdrop, bringing the debate on the insider versus outsider, the article presents a complex picture of contemporary community conflicts between the native communities and Indian diaspora in Zimbabwe. The paper discusses the context and reasons of ethnic assertion among the native communities and their resistance towards the Indian diaspora. It explores the role of the state in the entire episodes of community conflicts in Zimbabwe. It argues that though the Indians are politically minority community, they have established their dominant position in economic sphere, and the economic prosperity of the Indian diaspora community has much contributed to the emergence of community conflicts in Zimbabwe.
ethnic assertion, resistance, community conflict, Indian diaspora, Zimbabwe.
Afghanistan: Conflicts in the way of peace process
Muhammad TARIQ, Amir ZAMAN, Riaz Ahmad, Manzoor AHMAD, Zahir SHAH
Afghanistan that remained the epicenter of terrorism and insurgency in the post 9/11 incident, suffered irreparable loss in both human and infrastructure, is now heading towards an era of peace and political stability. The signing of the peace agreement on February 29, 2020 by both the US government and the Taliban is a great development for strengthening democratization and power-sharing among the stakeholders in Afghanistan. However, certain hurdles stand in the way of peace and stability. This paper discusses some of the key areas such as the dilemma of Afghan presidential elections, Pakistan’s controversial role, role of neighboring countries and the Indo-Afghan Nexus. Lacunae in the US-Taliban agreement to the exclusion of the Afghan government in the agreement and the threat of the ISIS are some of the other hurdles in bringing peace and stability in the country. Bargaining among the US and Taliban and the various stakeholders of Afghanistan is the only viable solution to the problem which provides the basis for theoretical framework.
Peace, Hurdles, Afghanistan, Taliban,US.